Year Two Courses


Duration: 5 weeks; Aug - Sep

The purpose of this course is to teach the students the normal functions and the disease processes affecting the digestive system, including the gastrointestinal tract, the hepatobiliary system and pancreas. As one of the largest systems in the body, diseases of these organs represent a major component of both primary and specialized healthcare with a substantial impact on medical economics. 

The objective of this course is to provide the preclinical student with a comprehensive overview of the digestive system to serve as a foundation for the clinical years.  The course content will familiarize the student with the structures and functions of the various organs involved and on how they are altered by various conditions. Topics will include anatomy, physiology, embryology, histology, biochemistry, pathology, pharmacology and microbiology.   In addition, common disorders, both functional and organic, that are encountered in everyday practice, their diagnoses and treatment, will be reviewed.




Duration: 9 weeks; Sep - Nov

This course will encompass the overlapping reproductive, genitourinary, and endocrine systems split into units with integrated cross-system links across them.

The components of the endocrine system coordinate the function of all organ systems to maintain homeostasis. The first unit will address the synthesis of hormones and the cellular pathways that mediate the effects of hormones, the debilitating or life-threatening conditions caused by aberrant synthesis and signaling processes, and the pharmacological interventions used for treatment of endocrine disorders. Pathophysiology and therapeutics will be integrated with the normal structure and function of the endocrine gland/organ systems. Reproductive functions will be included as a separate component. In the GU Unit the students will be taught normal functions and disease processes affecting the urinary bladder and genital tracts. These systems are closely associated with shared embryological origins and common pathways. Students will learn about associated disorders and their management




Duration:  11 weeks; Nov - Feb

This course is designed to present an integrated approach to the nervous system including both the neuroscience and behavioral components.  Within the neuroscience component, basis neurophysiology and neuroanatomy will be correlated with clinical signs and symptoms.  The basic science material with also be correlated with neuropathology, pathophysiology, pharmacology, radiology and information on the major classes of neurological disease as well as details on the most important clinical conditions seen in practice.

The behavioral component includes psychological aspects of normal development and the  major classes of psychopathology, including psychopharmacology. 

Connections between neurological science and  behavioral science are made wherever relevant.




Duration:  4 weeks; Feb - Mar

The Capstone will conclude Phase 1 by “putting it all together”. Clinical case-based scenarios will be used to illustrate and apply concepts learned. Skills training (BLS, bedside procedures) is also included in the transition to the third year clerkships